Tinea Capitis is additionally referred to as Ring Worm Of The Scalp .It is not a worm but the real culprit for it is a fungi known as Trichophyton and Microsporum. Tinea capitis is the most common pediatric dermatophyte infection worldwide. It gets the name mycosis or ringworm as a result of the flora makes circular marks on the skin, typically with flat centers and raised borders. This infection affects your scalp and hair shafts,this infection affects your scalp and hair shafts, inflicting tiny patches of fretful, scaly skin.Ringworm could be extremely contagious infection that’s sometimes spreads through person-to-person contact or by sharing combs, towels, hats, or pillows. It is most commonest in children, however will infect someone of any age.
Fungi known as dermatophytes cause mycosis or tinea capitis of the scalp.Fungi area unit organisms that thrive on dead tissue, like fingernails,hair, and therefore the outer layers of your skin. Dermatophytes like heat and wet, so that they thrive on wet skin. Overcrowding and poor hygiene increase the unfold of mycosis.
• House pets, like cats and dogs, will unfold mycosis, too.
• Farm animals like goats, cows, horses, and pigs may be carriers.
The most common symptom of fungal infection is restless patches on the scalp. Sections of hair could break off close to the scalp, departure scaly, red areas or bald spots. you will see black dots wherever the hair has broken off. Left untreated, these areas will bit by bit grow and unfold.
Other symptoms include:
• brittle hair
• painful scalp
• swollen humour nodes
• low-grade fever
How it’s diagnosed
A visual communicating is usually enough for a doctor to diagnose roundworm of the scalp. Your doctor might use a special light known as a Wood’s lamp to illuminate your scalp and verify signs of infection.
Your doctor may take a skin or hair sample to substantiate the Diagnosis. The sample is then sent to a laboratory to see the presence of fungi. This involves staring at your hair or a scraping from a scaly patch of scalp underneath a magnifier. This method might take up to a few weeks.
Ayurvedic Tinea (Ringworm) Treatment
According to Ayurvedic philosophy this disease is diagnosed as “Dadru”. The concerned dosha is kapha- vata.Kapha is an Ayurvedic humour, that symbolizes mucous secretion. It is cold, heavy, dense and sticky in nature. Vata is another Ayurvedic humour, that symbolizes air or wind. It is cold, dry, delicate and mobile. Kapha and vata dosha manifest within the skin and cause accumulation of poisons. These toxins accumulate in deeper tissues of skin likerasa (nutrient plasma), rakta, (blood), mansa (muscles) and lasika (lymphatic). These toxins cause contamination of deeper tissues. Contamination of deeper tissues and aggravation of kapha/vata dosha results in tinea.
Third concerned dosha is Pitta. Pitta is third dosha that symbolizes heat or fire. As sometimes burning is also associated symptom,therefore it can become tridoshaj within which prime concerned doshas are kapha and vata and treatment is planned as per the doshic predominance.
Preventing Tinea of the scalp
Tell your youngsters regarding the risks of sharing hairbrushes and alternative personal things.
Regular shampooing, hand laundry, and alternative traditional hygiene routines will facilitate stop the unfold of infection.
Avoid cuddling any animals that have patches of skin showing through their fur.
Maintain regular checkups for all pets and raise your pet to see for tinea.
One ought to avoid terribly laid-off, spicy, bitter and excessive sweet foods. Citrus fruits (lemon, lime, orange), chutneys, sauces, preserved food and vinegar ought to be avoided.
One ought to avoid foods created of white flour like bread, cakes, pastries, pizza etc.
You ought to avoid artificial foods, fast foods, cola drinks. Tomatoes, excessive salt ought to be avoided.
Non- veg foods ought to be avoided fully.
Tea, coffee, alcohol and smoking also are tyrannid (Fire) exasperating. Milk product like food ought to be avoided. instead of these foods stress on foods, that area unit sweet, blend, alkalescent in nature.
Foods that ought to be enclosed area unit grains, rice, pasta, beans, breads, farm merchandise, sweet drinks and juices. recent vegetables and recent fruits ought to be taken.
Boil 10-15 neem tree leaves in three cups of water till the water reduces half. Wash the tinea lesions with this water.
Rub papaya over the tinea lesions. it’s terribly effective.
Add very little milk in turmeric and apply this mixture on tinea lesions. Wash away after an hour, do that twice daily.
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